COVID-19 Basics – Everything You Need to Know

COVID-19 stands for the Corona virus disease and 19 is the year in which it made its appearance and started spreading all over the world.

This virus belongs to the family of corona viruses. It projects mild to very severe symptoms and is not the same as the flu, the virus for the flu is very different, and it is called the influenza virus. Symptoms of the COVID-19 disease may include a cold, fever, body pains, dry cough, nausea, difficulty in breathing, tightness in the chest etc. The Corona virus disease spreads through touch, inhalation of the microorganism and through droplets and aerosols. This is why social distancing and masks are prescribed.

Vaccine for influenza exists but not for Corona virus yet. The Corona virus disease is similar to SARS (2002), MERS (2012). The virus hopped on from the bat and mutated into infecting human beings. The human body has defence mechanisms. It can fight out the COVID-19 virus if the body is in a good condition. The disease becomes dangerous depending on the exposure to the virus. That is, the numbers of virus entered into the body of a healthy person, can fight it off quickly through the power of his/her own immunity. But they enter in large number and begin to multiply faster than the strength of the body to fight it off, the person starts becoming sick. In critical conditions the person has to be admitted in the hospital with life support. Exposure can be controlled using PPEs. In case of a leak or not wearing proper PPE, the Corona virus can still enter your body and start reproducing, making you very sick in the process. Therefore, keeping a good immunity by eating well, sleeping well, social distancing and covering your face and eyes is advised. As is the case with all crises first there is denial, then anger, frustration, fear and finally acceptance. We are currently at the final stage with the Corona virus disease.

Self quarantine, government quarantine centres, screening, temperature checking are being carried out by COVID-19 warriors, as the working officials are lovingly known as, at most public places.

The COVID-19 disease spreads through droplets or aerosols that are released from the mouth and nose while speaking, breathing or sneezing in the air around sick people. Surgical masks, N95 masks, sanitizers, and other personal protection equipments (PPE) can help stop the spread of this disease.

Healthcare professionals have been facing immense difficulties while battling the Corona virus disease due to lack of adequate self protection gear, fewer numbers of doctors and nurses and the ever increasing number of the corona virus cases.

The COVID-19 disease can also spread through asymptomatic carriers, while conversing with patients. By touching nose, mouth, eyes, the virus enters the blood stream and can make you sick. Sanitizers are effective in killing up to 99% of the germs on the hands. A number of studies are being carried out rapidly to monitor how this virus is multiplying and mutilating in human beings. Physical distancing is working but, social distancing not possible in hospitals. Strategies and collective efforts are working well as the world battles the COVID-19 pandemic.

Pandemics will be there in the future as well as have happened. Need to prepare better to deal with such large scale infections. Lots of recovered people are coming out in the open and giving testimonials. However, there is still no cure for the COVID-19 disease. Prevention is the key. Immunity can be boosted by eating Vitamin C rich foods. Avoiding public and crowed places, not shaking hands with anyone, not touching public spaces, using masks, and washing hands at least for 20 seconds as often as possible will help stop the spread of the virus.

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